Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park
The Belovezhskaya Pushcha (Belarusian: Белавежская пушча) is one of the last and largest remaining parts of the immense primeval forest which once spread across the European Plain.
Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park was made a UNESCOWorld Heritage Site in 1992. In 1993 it was granted UNESCO Biosphere Reserve status.
86% of the area of Belovezhskaya Pushcha is covered by woods with coniferous forests prevailing (56%). The age of trees ranges up to 160-180 years while their heights amount up to 32-35 meters. Sometimes you can find true record breakers: 200 to 350 years old pine trees with trunk diameter of up to 150 cm (60 inches). 11.4% of the area is covered with fir-woods. By the way, it is a fir-tree that is the highest species of Belavezhskaya Pushcha forests. Some of fir-trees reach 50 meters (165 feet) in height. Birch woods comprise 10.5% of the total area of the park while aspen trees are less common. Woods of oak-trees occupy 3.7% of the total forest area. Mostly oak trees are aged of 170 to 200 years however sometimes gigantic elders of 300 to 500 years old with trunks of two meters in diameter can be found. Banks of rivers and water-meadows are trimmed with hazel nut-trees, while heights are usually covered with maples and ash-trees as well as with undergrowth of hazel nut, buck-thorn, strawberry and black currant bushes. Belovezhskaya Pushcha is extremely reach in herbaceous plants.
Here live 59 species of mammals, 250 species of birds, 11 species of amphibian, 7 species of reptiles. However, the most remarkable wild animal of the park - and the biggest one in Europe - is European bison called "zubr" in Belorussian.
You can easily find wild boars throughout Belovezhskaya Pushcha.There live also wolves, lynxes, polecats and ferrets, weasels, foxes, martens, ermines, raccoons and other forest inhabitants. Beavers and otters dwell along rivers and forest brooks while old woods swarm with hares. Fir woods are rich in squirrels. The most numerous rodents are mice whereas the most common insectivorous are moles and shrews.
The world of birds in Belovezhskaya Pushcha is even more various and rich. Along with typical western species (for example, red kite or canary finch) here you can find Sibirian species (three fingered woodpecker, long tailed tawny owl) as well as birds of North deciduous forests (green woodpecker). It is the very place where most of the capercailzies living in the country are concentrated, where black storks build their nests and some pheasants have been brought to breed.
In short, you can see a lot in Belovezhskaya Pushcha. By the way, for visitors there is a museum with a lot of interesting - things exhibited such as paintings with episodes īf medieval hunting, stuffed animals from Pushcha and others. For those who are hungry there is a restaurant with exotic dishes. A lot of species living in Belovezhskaya Pushcha are kept for visitors in special hedged areas and cages. So you can enjoy the landscapes with bisons, elks, wild boars, wolves, foxes, bears and so on as long as you wish.
As well as the forest, Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park also boats a zoo, library and a museum, and supports wood processing, handicrafts and various local industries.
A new attraction in the Belarusian part of the Reserve is a New Year museum and the residence of Dzied Maroz or Ded Moroz ("Grandfather Frost", the East Slavic counterpart of Father Christmas). Thousands of tourists visit this museum.
- Rehabilitation, walking and cycling tours
- Ecological path
- Tennis - court
- Bike and sticks hire
- Swimming pool
225063, Kamieniuki, Brest region
How to get:
Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park is about 70km west of Brest and 20km from the nearest town ofKamenyets.
It’s best to take an organised tour to this important place in Belarus, as no other transport is allowed on the site.
There are five buses a day to Kamenyets from Brest, but Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park is still a taxi ride away.
There are two small hotels on the site. Many visitors choose to stay in a hotel in Brest and take a tourto Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park.